FAQ Pergigian FAQ Pergigian

  1. What causes dental decay? 
    1. Teeth become carious (decayed) because of the bacteria within plaque, which produces acid from sugar and starchy food. The damage caused does not depend on the amount of food consumed, but rather the frequency of sweet food taken. Another factor which contributes to this problem is the duration food debris stays inside the mouth. The longer it stays, the higher the chance of your teeth getting rotten.
  2. What can I do to decrease my chances of getting tooth decay?
    1. You should regulate your sugar intake.
      1. Decrease/ try not to snack in between meals;
      2. Reduce your consumption of carbonated drinks, due to the high sugar and acidity content.
    2. Maintain good oral hygiene.
      1. Brush effectively daily, using fluoridated toothpaste;
      2. Use floss to ensure the areas in between your teeth are clean;
      3. Go for yearly dental check-ups.
  3. What causes my tooth to become painful (tender)?
    1. Tooth Decay (Dental Caries) - A majority of tooth pain originate from tooth decay. If it is not treated early, the area may become swollen.
    2. Gum Disease (Periodontal Disease) - Gum diseases could lead to throbbing pain. The pain increases during biting. If left untreated, the gum may become swollen.
    3. Exposed roots - Roots which are exposed may cause the tooth to become sensitive, especially to cold and hot water. The pain is usually localised and does not stay for long.
    4. Fractured/broken tooth - A fractured tooth may expose the dental nerve. A sharp pain will be felt, especially during biting.
    5. Fractured/broken tooth - A dry socket may happen within 2 - 4 days after extraction. It is a condition in which the socket does not heal. It manifests as a continuous throbbing pain.
    6. Jaw Disease (TMJ) - Jaw diseases or jaw muscle spasm may be confused with tooth pain. Pain is usually felt in the morning or late afternoon.
    7. Mouth ulcers (Aphthous Ulcers) - Ulcers cause a stinging pain. The ulcers usually heal within 7 to 10 days.
    8. Other causes - There are also conditions where the tooth pain may not be due to dental decay, gums or the jaw. The pain felt may be associated with other medical conditions, for example heart problems, ear problems or even sinusitis.
  4. What causes bad breath?
    1. Nearly 90% of bad breath comes from the mouth. The mouth hosts hundreds of bacteria, even in clean ones. These bacteria break down food debris which is left inside the mouth, and release gases which may give off a bad odour (smell).
  5. Can bad breath be treated, and what are the treatments available?
    1. Yes, bad breath can be treated. Basic management such as scaling and having fillings done will help to decrease this problem.

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